Iced Coffee: Although coffee is generally consumed as a warm drink, coffee served over ice is an incredibly refreshing beverage. While it is believed that iced coffee originated during the nineteenth century, drinks such as the iced latte and iced mocha have gained extensive popularity in recent years.
Indonesia: Despite being the fourth largest producer of coffee in the world, coffee is not an indigenous plant to Indonesia. Its unique climate, however, is ideal for cultivation, and each of the different islands, including Java and Sumatra, produce coffees that offer a diverse array of tastes on the palate. In fact, the production of kopi luwak – coffee processed from the partially digested cherries found in the faeces of the palm civet – is closely associated with Indonesia. Coffee from the islands of Indonesia completely divides coffee drinkers: while many adore its rich flavour and full-body on the tongue, others find the earthy overtones of Indonesian coffee off-putting.
Instant Coffee: Soluble coffee granules that dissolve instantly in water. Instant coffee is incredibly popular – particularly in the UK – but it offers a significantly poorer coffee-drinking experience. Instant coffee is, for instance, made with considerably lesser quality beans, which means that flavour and aroma are sacrificed in favour of cost effectiveness. While many people favour instant coffee for its convenience, freshly roasted coffee does not take much longer to brew and can be done so with minimal equipment and expense.
Irish Coffee: An alcoholic coffee drink thought to have been invented during the twentieth century. Black coffee is poured into a warm glass over a measure of Irish whiskey before adding sugar; the beverage is topped with lightly whipped cream. Though an authentic Irish coffee must use whiskey, the term has become synonymous with any concoction that combines coffee with alcoholic spirits.
Italian Roast: The term ‘Italian roast’ refers to a degree of roasting. Italian roast is a dark roast, which leaves beans looking almost black in appearance with an oily texture. Coffee which has been roasted to this degree has a kind of burnt taste, and it is popular among espresso drinkers. While the name is perhaps indicative of the fact that this kind of dark roast is preferred by Italians, coffee does not have to be roasted in Italy to be described as an Italian roast.