Barista: Baristas undertake professional training about preparing and serving coffee, and can expertly use a steam wand to manipulate the consistency of milk. A good barista will be knowledgeable about different varieties of bean, levels of roasting, and will often be able to blow you away with stunning latte art on top of your beverage.

Beans: A coffee bean is the seed of the coffee plant, from which coffee is produced. Arabica and Robusta are the principle species of bean grown worldwide. Regardless of the species, the place of origin dictates the characteristics that a coffee will have.

Bica: A colloquial name in parts of Portugal, such as Lisbon, for a type of coffee which is not unlike an espresso. 

Bloom: The coffee “bloom” refers to the release of gas from ground coffee upon contact with hot water. Carbon dioxide gets retained inside coffee beans when they are roasted, and the gas is where the greater part of a bean’s flavour compounds exist. Gas is expelled more rapidly when coffee is ground, and the size of a bloom is indicative of how fresh your coffee is. For example, a larger bloom suggests that any given coffee is fresher and more flavoursome. To ensure great tasting coffee, it is preferable to buy beans rather than ground coffee, grinding them immediately before you brew. 

Body: The body of a coffee is one of the characteristics that aficionados frequently ponder over. It refers to the how the coffee feels upon the tongue, and is usually influenced by the way the coffee is brewed and the level to which it is roasted.

Brazil: Although numerous countries around the world cultivate coffee crops, the nation which is the most synonymous with coffee production is Brazil. After coffee was imported to Brazil during the first-half of the eighteenth century from the French Guiana, Brazil has led the global production of the crop, being accountable for a staggering one third of demand worldwide. 

Burrs: A burr grinder is probably the best kind of grinder on the market, functioning to crush the coffee beans rather than using blades to cut them. While blade grinders can tarnish the taste of your coffee because of the way that they heat the beans, burr grinders produce a much more consistent grind.